A Beginners Guide to Plumbing

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Heather Jones
Heather Jones
I'm Heather, an author passionate about home improvements. My writing is your guide to making homes better. Let's explore easy ways to enhance your living spaces, from small fixes to exciting projects. Join me on a journey of making your house a cozy and stylish haven.

Home plumbing will directly affect your safety and comfort. Whether you lease a residence or business, you need to understand basic plumbing. Basic plumbing will help you do essential things: making better decisions, avoiding bad situations, improving or upgrading operations, achieving better efficiency, and being familiar with plumbing components and the whole system. 

A home’s plumbing system will include water utilities, air conditioning, heating system, wastewater, and drainage. Water should move via gravity but can be manipulated with pressure. Moreover, the heating-ventilation-air conditioning at the side of the system involves air. However, it is powered by certain fuels like natural gas for heat. It also uses a coolant for cold air. 

Nonetheless, check plumber Ashgrove for services when you have a plumbing problem. Some companies like Parker Plumbing Company are reliable in offering plumbing services. Let’s dive into some basic knowledge needed in plumbing: 

Sources of Water

The running water in your business or household comes from a public supplier or on a private property well. Government entities will store their water in big towers. They will then deliver to homes via the pipe. 

Private supplies have a smaller system, and they are common in rural areas where they don’t access public water. Nevertheless, water will be drawn from surface sources like lakes and rivers or subsurface sources like aquifers. 

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Cutting Off the Water

The essential thing you should know while at home is where the shutoff valve is located and how to use it. Homes have the main shutoff valve located in the basement, garage, or closet. There is also another shutoff near the street. 

When water spews everywhere after a sprung leak, time can make a significant difference in damages or costs incurred. The scenario will be worse and expensive when you delay shutting off the water. You have to shut off at the main valve. It can have many styles, but its handle looks like a lever or wheel with spokes. When shutting off, turn the wheel to the right, but move to the opposite position for a lever. 

Remember that each water-using utility and appliance in the house has an individual shutoff valve. Toilets have a handle at the base, sinks have shutoff underneath, and washing machines near the equipment. Park Plumbing Company recommends you turn off the water before vacations – particularly the washing machine. This is to avoid damages in case of water leaks or burst hoses. 

Water Pressure Problems 

A household requires water pressure between 40-45 PSI, which should not exceed 60 PSI. Remember that water pressure may affect your comfort and cause daily annoyance when not in a good range. Most homeowners are frustrated with low water pressure. On the other hand, high water pressure may damage appliances and utilities at home. 

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If you want to test the water pressure delivered in your house, you can use a water pressure gauge. You will attach the pressure gauge to the outside spigot. The pressure test will tell whether the problem has affected your household or is only isolated to one appliance. When the pressure gauge measures good, but your faucet still trickles, or the toilet takes more time to fill. It could be your toilet’s fill valve or faucet’s aerator causing the problem. 

It doesn’t matter the water supply you have – either public or private – they always regulate it before entering the house. You can adjust your water pressure, but you should allow Parker Plumbing Company professionals to handle the task. 

Water Leaks

Besides annoying water leaks, they cost you money and damages. When you fix the leaks, you can save more than 10% of the water bill annually. Some of these leaks include running toilets and dripping faucets. When you have small leaks at the faucet, toilet, and underground sprinkler, they will add up to more significant totals. 

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Sometimes, when a faucet drips, you try to crack it on the handle. The handle will eventually break, forcing you to replace the whole faucet. Ironically, the faucet was dripping because of a rubber washer, spring, or O-ring. These are easy to remove and replace to stop drippy leaks. You should know the type of faucet to get the right replacement. 

Sometimes, hard water deposits will build up on your faucet aerators. You have to remove the aerator and clean it to improve your faucet’s water flow. And if it is beyond repair or cleaning, you can find a compatible new aerator. Toilets parts, on the other hand, will wear and break. That will create wasteful irritants for your toilet. Therefore, you can replace the plastic arm, chain, float valve, or other parts to stop the leak. 

Blocked Drains

The clogging agents that will wreak havoc in your plumbing system are the grease in the kitchen and hair in the bathroom. Other materials may also cause clogs and slow drainage. Unclogging your drainage will depend on the cause of the clog. For hair, buy drain screens and prevent hair from going through the drain. And if the hair is already in, use a plastic drain-cleaner tool. The tool has ragged edges to grab the hair and remove it from the drain. 

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On the other hand, residential awareness campaigns educate homeowners on putting any type of grease, oil, or fat down the drain. It will stick in the interior of the drain pipes. You don’t have to put any kind of food or oil through the plumbing system. Put them in the garbage disposal or drain. However, animal fat remains the most harmful, and you can wipe it into the trash when it cools and congeals. 

Nonetheless, you can avoid clogging by pouring boiling water down the drain. The water will break the grease, oils, and fats that accumulate. If you want to plunge the drain, you will need a sink plunger. You can use a drain cleaner occasionally, but it will degrade your plumbing components when you use it repeatedly. Experiencing frequent clogs will probably mean you need to do some repair or maintenance. You can choose Parker Plumbing Company for these services. 

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